What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Message Thank you! Oops! Related Content If You're In An Accident Learn the best steps to take after you’ve been in an automobile accident with this useful, step-by-step video. Did You Know This Fact About the Claims Process? Claims can be left open as long as you need. Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.